September 14, 2016 *Lunch will be provided
Vanessa Cruz Nichols
My research aims to re-assess the common belief that threat mobilizes people to participate in the American political system. A frequently used tactic of political activists is to frame the policy issues that they wish to challenge as potential threats or attacks to people’s personal interests. The underlying theory suggests that the use of threat tactics shake people out of their political apathy.
While it might seem intuitive that people would be more mobilized if they are alerted to a crisis that would jeopardize their interests, it may be counter-productive to only emphasize the crisis at hand. For instance, in the field of persuasive communication, fear appeals were found to be unsuccessful unless an effective remedy was offered as an alternative. Instead of using the alarm-only approach as seen in previous threat appraisal studies, it is important to couple one’s sense of urgency with alternative messages pointing to opportunities or policy initiatives individuals or groups can aspire to accomplish. By using this two-pronged approach of threat and opportunity cues, people are more likely to believe their contribution makes a difference. To test the causal inference of my hypotheses, I rely on an original online survey experiment with 1,001 Latino adults in the U.S. and their exposure to single-cue and simultaneous threat and opportunity immigration policy messages. I find that those jointly exposed to threat and opportunity frames yield greater levels of intended and observed political participation. Combining threat messages with more opportunity-based policy alternatives may be the most ideal strategy to mobilize a group to rise, and not succumb, to the challenge before them.
September 21, 2016 *This talk is in 6050 ISR *lunch will be provided
Christopher Wlezien (University of Texas – Austin) and Benjamin Page (Northwestern University)
September 28, 2016 *Lunch will be provided
Dan Corstange (Columbia University)
October 5, 2016 *This talk is in 1430 ISR
Ken Kollman, Tasha Philpot, Univ. of Texas-Austin, Stuart Soroka, Mike Traugott, Nicholas Valentino
October 12, 2016 *Lunch will be provided
Samara Klar (University of Arizona)
October 19, 2016 *Lunch will be provided
Yoshikuni Ono (Tohoku University)
This event is co-sponsored with the Center for Japanese Studies
November 2, 2016
At its core, science is a set of methods and procedures for evaluating logic and evidence. When performed in accordance with widely recognized best practices, scientific research produces findings with a distinctive and often valuable quality – the findings should be true regardless of who conducted the research. For this reason, science is a powerful engine for creating a special kind of knowledge – special because the validity of the knowledge does not depend on a person’s age, sex, race, religion, or income.
Inquiry conducted through scientific methods allows individuals and organizations to evaluate the plausibility of competing propositions. By so doing, science can help us achieve important goals more effectively and efficiently by clarifying cause-and-effect. It can help us more effectively navigate dangerous environments and help us other environments less dangerous. It can show us when something we want to believe, or have believed in the past, is inconsistent with measurable components of our physical reality. In many cases, science is our last, best defense against wishful thinking.
Social science as a type of inquiry has changed how millions of people live. Its findings make factories, offices, and farms more efficient. Social science aids in the development, implementation, and evaluation of a wide range of business, campaign, diplomatic and military strategies. Social science has transformed how social and health-related services are delivered around the world. Today, more social scientists are using more advanced methods and instruments to study more topics than ever before – and more individuals and public and private sector entities are using social science’s information and insights to improve quality of life for many diverse populations.
Given recent trends, and the current status of social science, one would think that its future as a practice of inquiry and as a generator of significant social value is very bright. However, dark clouds loom. In the last twenty years, changes in technology and society have affected the kinds of information that people value. Some of these forces have altered the kinds of content for which individuals and organizations in the private and public sectors are willing to pay. Other forces have led people to raise new questions the veracity of scientific claims. These forces are altering relationships between social science and society.
These changes have the potential to destabilize many existing scientific institutions and practices. In the United States, for example, prominent members of Congress have questioned whether the National Science Foundation should fund certain types of social scientific research – with a few proposing that the NSF substantially cut or eliminate funding to its social, behavioral, and economic science division. Others ask why the government should support a high-priced bundle of basic and applied social science research when there are increasing numbers of alternative sources of seemingly comparable information – that is, people and organizations who, through interest-group websites, blogs, various social media venues, and the comments attached to the bottom of social science-related newspaper articles, claim to have valid and useful knowledge about the topics that social scientists study.
If scientists and scientific organizations do not react to these changes in effective ways, they will limit the ways in which social science can improve quality of life for present and future generations. I argue that these negative consequences are serious -- but they are not inevitable. This presentation lays out our challenges and then describes a plan for how to respond.
November 30, 2016 *This talk is in 1430 ISR
Yanna Krupnikov (State University of New York – Stony Brook), Andrew Martin (Dean- UM LSA), James Morrow and Mara Ostfeld
December 7, 2016
speaker to be announced
January 11, 2017 *This talk is in 1430 ISR
January 18, 2017
January 25, 2017
Jennifer Lawless (American University)
February 1, 2017
Ali Valenzuela (Princeton University)
February 8, 2017
Matthew Grossmann (IPPSR – Michigan State University)
February 15, 2017
Spencer Piston (Boston University) Ashley Jardina (Duke University)
February 22, 2017
Nicholas Valentino and Kirill Zhirkov
March 8, 2017
Dan Hopkins (University of Pennsylvania)
March 15, 2017
Shana Gadarian (Maxwell School of Syracuse University)
March 22, 2017
March 29, 2017
speaker to be announced
April 12, 2017
speaker to be announced
April 19, 2017
Melissa R. Michelson (Menlo College)
April 26, 2017
Ben Highton (University of California – Davis)
May 3, 2017
Elizabeth Suhay (American University)
May 10, 2017
Eric Groenendyk (University of Memphis) and Yanna Krupnikov (State Univ. of New York – Stony Brook)